Grammar:Word formation/Summary by stem type

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Affix(es) Stem type
Noun Adjective Verb Preposition
-Ø- Root Preposition

Suffixes and suffixoids

Termisons and TAM particles
-e Entity Something that possesses the attribute; something that is the attribute's description That which is the action; an act of doing something That which is prep
-o/-a Animate entity Someone who possesses the attribute Someone who is prep
-i Associated with entity Attribute Associated with the action Which is prep
-u In the way/manner of the entity; like the entity would be or do In the way/manner of the attribute; cf. English -ly In the way/manner of the action In a prep way/manner
-e-s Entities Things possessing the attribute; things that fit the attribute's description Acts of doing something Things that are prep
-o-s/-a-s Animate entities Sentients who possess the attribute Sentients who are prep
-ar To be the entity To possess the attribute; to be adj To do the action (Verb) To be prep
-at[1] sbj is the entity sbj possesses the attribute; sbj is adj sbj does the action sbj is prep
-ant sbj is being the entity sbj is possessing the attribute sbj is doing the action sbj is being prep
-asant sbj is still being the entity sbj is still possessing the attribute sbj is still doing the action sbj is still being prep
-ant-e Something that is being the entity Something that is possessing the attribute; something that is being adj Something that is doing the action Something that is being prep
-ant-i That is being the entity That is possessing the attribute; that is being adj That is doing the action That is being prep
-av-ar To have been the entity To have possessed the attribute; to have been adj To have done the action To have been prep
-av-at sbj has been the entity sbj has possessed the attribute; sbj has been adj sbj has done the action sbj has been prep
-av-e Something that has been the entity Something that has possessed the attribute; something that has been adj Something that has done the action Something that has been prep
-av-i Associated with having been the entity That has possessed the attribute; that has been adj That has done the action That has been prep
-anv-at[2] sbj has been being the entity sbj has been possessing the attribute sbj has been doing the action sbj has been being prep
-asanv-at[3] sbj has still been the entity sbj has still been possessing the attribute sbj has still been doing the action sbj has still been prep
-aij-e An entity that is about or ready to be Something that is about to possess the attribute; something that is about to be adj An action about or ready to be done Something that is about to be prep
-aij-i About or ready to be the entity About to possess the attribute; about to be adj About or ready to do About to be prep
-aij-ar To be ready to be the entity To be ready to possess the attribute; to be ready to be adj To be ready to do the action To be ready to be prep
-aij-at sbj is about to be the entity sbj is about to possess the attribute; sbj is about to be adj sbj is about to do the action sbj is about to be prep
-aij-ant sbj is about to be being the entity sbj is about to be possessing the attribute sbj is about to be doing the action sbj is about to be being prep
-aik sbj ought to be the entity sbj ought to possess the attribute; sbj ought to be adj sbj ought to do the action sbj ought to be prep
-aik-e Something that ought to be the entity Something that ought to possess the attribute; something that ought to be adj Something that ought to be done Something that ought to be prep
-aik-i That ought to be the entity That ought to possess the attribute; that ought to be adj That ought to or should be done That ought to be prep
-aid-e Something that is done
-aid-i Done (Passive)
-aid-ar To be done
-aid-at sbj is done
-aid-ant sbj is being done
-aid-asant sbj is still being done
-aid-av-at sbj has been done
-aid-aij-at sbj is about to be done
-aid-aik sbj ought to be done
-ait Be the entity! Be adj! Do it! Be prep!
-aid-ait Be done!
-aisom-ar To fulfill an action To be completely prep
-aisom-e An action fulfilled Something completely prep
-aubil-ar To start being an entity To begin possessing the attribute To start doing an action To start being prep
-aubil-e An entity that has just started existence An entity beginning to possess the attribute An action that has begun An entity that has begun to be prep
-aubel-ar To cease being an entity To no longer possess the attribute To cease doing an action To no longer be prep
-aubel-e An entity that has ceased to exist An entity no longer possessing the attribute An action that has ceased An entity that is no longer prep
-lurip A recent entity Recently the attribute sbj recently/just did the action sbj was recently prep
-lur A past or ex-entity Once or formerly the attribute sbj did the action sbj was prep
-lurel An entity that once was, but is no longer Once or formerly, but no longer, the attribute sbj used to do the action sbj used to be prep
-lureng An entity that existed long ago Possessing the attribute long ago sbj did the action long ago sbj was prep long ago
-lir A future entity; an entity-to-be Planned or anticipated to be the attribute sbj will do the action sbj will be prep
-luvir An entity that would be Which would be the attribute ...that sbj would do the action ...that sbj would be prep
People and sizes
-oz-i Belonging to an entity; an entity's... Belonging to something possessing the attribute; an adj entity's... An action's... Belonging to something that is prep; a prep entity's...
-oz-(e/o/a) A member of an entity (group, team, or organisation) The belongings of something possessing the attribute That which belongs to an action A member of something prep
-iēr-e Something that produces the entity Something that turns things into the attribute Something that does the action Something that makes things prep
-iēn-(e/o/a) Someone who is, does, plays, comes from, or specialises/works in the entity Someone who possesses the attribute; someone who is adj Someone who does the action Someone who is prep
-odr-(e/o/a) A child (son/daughter) or progeny of an animate entity; an offspring or spinoff of an inanimate entity A child who is adj
-uvel-(e/o/a) A step-relative of an animate entity; an ersatz form of an inanimate entity An ersatz, adj entity An ersatz action
-oajan-(e/o/a) A god-relative of an animate entity A god-relative who is adj
-eb-(e/o/a) Animate newborn entity A baby/newborn who possesses the attribute; a baby/newborn who is adj A baby/newborn who is prep
-ed-(e/o/a) Juvenile/young entity A young entity possessing the attribute; a youngster who is adj A young entity that is prep
-eld-(e/o/a) Old/elder entity An old entity possessing the attribute; an old entity that is adj An old entity that is prep
-et-(e/o/a) Diminutive form of entity Something that is a little/briefly adj Brief action Something that is a little prep
-ead-(e/o/a) Medium-sized entity Something that is moderately adj Moderate action Something that is moderately prep
-ard-(e/o/a) Augmentative entity Something that is greatly adj Extended action Something that is greatly prep
-et-i Associated with a diminutive form of the entity A little/briefly adj Associated with the brief action A little prep
-ead-i Associated with a midsized form of the entity Moderately adj Associated with the moderate action Moderately prep
-ard-i Associated with an augmentative form of the entity Greatly adj Associated with the extended action Greatly prep
-et-ar To be a miniature form of the entity To be a little/briefly adj To do an action briefly To be a little prep
-ead-ar To be a midsized form of the entity To be moderately adj To do an action moderately To be moderately prep
-ard-ar To be a large version of the entity To be greatly adj To do a prolonged action To be greatly prep
-aubim-e A small thing that is adj
-aubam-e A midsized thing that is adj
-aubaum-e A small thing that is adj
Comparatives and superlatives
-ausm-i More adj/adj-er
-ausom-i Most adj/adj-est
-eusm-i Less adj
-eusom-i Least adj
-ausm-e Something more adj/adj-er
-ausom-e Something most adj/adj-est
-eusm-e Something less adj
-eusom-e Something least adj
-ausm-i More adj-ly
-ausom-i Most adj-ly
-eusm-i Less adj-ly
-eusom-i Least adj-ly
Emphasis
-iruj-e An entity as emphasis An adj entity as emphasis An action as emphasis A prep entity as emphasis
-iruj-i Pertaining to the entity as emphasis adj as emphasis Associated with the action as emphasis Which is prep as emphasis
-iruj-ar To be the entity as emphasis To be adj as emphasis To do the action as emphasis To be prep as emphasis
-uit-e A stronger variant of the entity An entity that is strongly adj A serious action That which is really prep
-uit-i Associated with a stronger variant of the entity Strongly, seriously, or really adj Associated with serious actions Really prep
-uit-ar To be a stronger variant of the entity To be strongly adj To seriously do the action To be really prep
Verbal/duration particles
-abil-i Able to be the entity Able to possess the attribute; able to be adj Able to do the entity Able to be prep
-abil-e Something that can be the entity Something able to possess the attribute; something that can be adj A potential action A potential state of being prep
-abil-ar To be able to be the entity To be able to possess the attribute; to be able to be adj To be able to do the action To be able to be prep
-abil-id-e The ability of being the entity The ability of possessing the attribute; the ability of being adj The ability of doing the action The ability to be prep
-aibil-i Able to be done
-aibil-e Something that can be done
-aibil-ar To have the potential to be done
aibil-id-e The ability of an action being done
-ain-e The result of being the entity The result of being adj The result of the action The result of being prep
-ouhaum-i Often or frequently the entity Often or frequently adj Often or frequently the action Often or frequently prep
-ouhaum-e An occasional or frequent entity Something often or frequently adj A frequent action Something often or frequently prep
-ouhaum-ar To be the entity often or frequently To possess the attribute often or frequently; to be adj often or frequently To do the action often or frequently To often or frequently be prep
-oguil-i Sometimes the entity Sometimes adj Sometimes the action Sometimes prep
oguil-e A part-time entity Something occasionally adj A part-time action Something occasionally prep
-oguil-ar To be the entity sometimes To be sometimes adj To do the action sometimes To be sometimes prep
-oajem-i Momentarily the entity Momentarily adj Momentarily the action Momentarily prep
-oajem-e A momentary entity; something that appears for a split second Something momentarily adj A momentary action Something momentarily prep
-oajem-ar To be the entity for a split second To be adj for a moment To do the action in a flash To be prep for a moment
-esel-i Maybe, perhaps, or probably related to the entity Maybe or perhaps adj Maybe or perhaps related to the action Maybe or perhaps prep
-esel-e A probable entity Something probably or perhaps adj A probable action Something probably or perhaps prep
-esel-ar To probably be the entity To probably possess the attribute; to probably be adj To probably do the action To probably be prep
-odiv-at What about the entity? What if sbj were adj? What if sbj should do the action? What if sbj were prep?
-aubog-i In favour or support of an entity; pro-entity In favour of the attribute In favour or support of the action; pro-action
-aubog-e Something that favours or supports an entity Something that favours the attribute Something that favours or supports the action
-aubog-ar To favour or support an entity; to be pro-entity To favour the attribute To favour or support the action; to be pro-action
-opoam-i Against an entity; anti-entity Against the attribute Against the action; anti-action
-opoam-e Something that opposes an entity Something that opposes the attribute Something that opposes the action
-opoam-ar To oppose an entity; to be anti-entity To oppose the attribute To oppose the action; to be anti-action
Attributionals
-un-et-e Part or some of the entity Part or some of which possesses the attribute Part or some of the action
-euz-i Full of the entity Full of the attribute Full of the action
-euz-e Something that is full of the entity Something that is full of the attribute Something that is full of the action
-euz-ar To be full of the entity To be full of the attribute To be full of the action
-ail-i Pertaining/relating to the entity Pertaining/relating to the attribute Pertaining/relating to the action Pertaining/relating to prep
-if-i Characterised by the entity Characterised by the attribute Characterised by the action
-id-e The state, quality, or condition of being the entity; cf. English -(i)ty/-ness/-hood/-dom The state, quality, or condition associated with the attribute The state, quality, or condition associated with the action The state, quality, or condition of being prep
-oid-i Like/in the form of the entity Like/in the form of the attribute Like/in the form of the action
Causatives
-inz-ar To cause the entity to appear To cause adj things to appear To cause (someone to do) the action To make prep things appear
-inz-aid-i Transformed with instances of the entity Transformed with adj entities Caused (by an agent) Transformed with prep entities
-inz-aid-ar To be transformed with instances of the entity To be transformed with adj entities To be caused (by an agent) To be transformed with prep entities
-iz-ar To turn (an entity) into another entity To turn an entity adj To turn an entity into the action To render an entity prep
-oudr-ar[4] To be turned into the entity To be turned adj To be turned into the action To be rendered as prep
-oudr-i Turned into the entity Turned adj Turned into the action Turned into a prep entity
-ẽrgim-u Caused by/because of the entity Caused by/because of the attribute Caused by/because of the action Caused by/because of being prep
Specialties
-iōm-e An element named after the entity An element possessing the attribute An element named after the action An element named after prep
-tanul-e The study of the entity; the field associated with the entity The study of the attribute; the field associated with the attribute The study of the action; the field associated with the action The field associated with prep
-eand-e A tool devoted to the entity A tool that is adj A tool for doing the action A tool that is prep
-iz-eand-e A tool that tranforms things into the entity A tool for making things adj A tool for making things prep
-ineald-e A machine devoted to the entity A machine that is adj A machine for doing the action A machine that is prep
-iz-ineald-e A machine that transforms things into the entity A machine for making things adj A machine for making things prep

Prefixes and prefixoids

Functionals
nal- Not the entity Not the attribute sbj does not do the action sbj is not prep
nem- Not the entity in question Not possessing the attribute sbj does not do the action in question sbj is not prep in question
rel- Something that is the entity again Possessing the attribute once again sbj redoes/repeats the action sbj is prep again
ver- The entity in reverse The inverse of the attribute sbj does the action in reverse, or reverses/reverts it sbj is prep, but in reverse
voul- sbj wants to be the entity sbj wants to be adj sbj wants to do the action sbj wants to be prep
soul- sbj wishes to be the entity sbj wishes to be adj sbj wishes to do the action sbj wishes to be prep
boul- sbj needs to be the entity sbj needs to be adj sbj needs to/must do the action sbj needs to be prep
seb- A self-serving entity Self-adj An action done by oneself Self-prep
shoar- Entities to each other adj towards one another An action done by each other/one another prep in relation to each other
tep- Great-/grand-[5]
tuen- A full or complete entity Completely or totally adj; omni-adj Full action Completely prep
Affects
jout- A sudden or unexpected entity Suddenly or unexpectedly adj A sudden or unexpected action Suddenly or unexpectedly prep
vasit- Intentional entity Intentionally adj Intentional action Intentionally prep
tasiv- Accidental entity adj by accident Accidental/unintended action prep by accident
International roots
hîdrol- Hydro-entity Hydro-adj Hydro-action
hîpẽr- Hyper-entity Hyper-adj Hyper-action
mîkrol- Micro-entity Micro-adj Micro-action
saub- A sub-entity Sub-adj Sub-action
supẽr- Super-entity Super-adj Super-action
télev- Something transmitted from afar; tele-entity Tele-adj Something done from afar; tele-action

Notes

  1. ^ Third-person singular; one of Tovasala's 32 indicative termisons.
  2. ^ -anv is a fusion derived from -antav.
  3. ^ -asanv is a fusion derived from -asantav.
  4. ^ Passive/stative counterpart of -izar.
  5. ^ Default sentient nouns only.