Place:Rogatia

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Rogatia
State of Rogatia
Bulwark of the Atlantic
Rogatie (French)
National flag
Flag
Island country
Location Caribbean
Coordinates 11.5° N, 53.5° WThe "_geo" type of this property is invalid
Population 10,059,038 (2017)
Area 19,491.5901 km²7,525.745 mi² <br /> (7525.745 mi²)
Density 516.071516.071 people/km² <br />1,336.618 people/mi² <br /> people/km² (1336.617 people/mi²)
Capital
(and largest city)
Trouvaille
National language(s) English
Other languages French, Spanish, Portuguese, German, Icelandic, Greek, Japanese, Czech, Polish
Highest point Mount Barome
681.58 m2,236.155 ft <br />
(11.29791° N, 52.90204° W)
Lowest point Atlantic Ocean
0 m0 ft <br />
Currency East Caribbean dollar
Driving side left
Time zone(s) UTC -4
Area code (+1) 427/358
ISO 3166 code HC
ccTLD .hc
Mentioned in...

Rogatia (pronounced "row-gash-ya", IPA: /roʊ.ɡɑːʃ.iːə/) is an island nation located in the Atlantic Ocean, about 580–750 km (360–465 mi) east of Barbados and 580–680 km (360–420 mi) north-northeast of the Suriname/French Guiana border. Measuring almost 19,500 km² (7,530 mi²) in area, and comprising 10 million inhabitants, it is the largest English-speaking sovereign island nation in the West Indies (by both population and area), its second most densely-populated sovereign state (after Barbados), and one of the world's 20 most densely populated sovereign countries overall.

Rogatia consists of three provinces: Elmshire in the northwest, Yorkshire in the southwest, and Shropshire in the southeast. The capital city is Trouvaille, situated in the lower Orissen River valley in southwestern Shropshire. It is the designated seat of government, and the centre of business, entertainment and transportation. Other large towns include Byahaut, Gaudium, Randstown, and Hodgence (in Shropshire); Weymouth and Jouannigot (in Elmshire); and Maidenhall (in Yorkshire).

History

Though Amerindians first settled on what is now Rogatia, they left behind little trace of their activity there. Christopher Columbus sighted the area during his third voyage in July 1498, but passed it straight.

European settlers all but ignored it until April 1706, when an isolated group of Catholic Spaniards landed near the mouth of the Orissen River. There, they later set up a town they christened San Pablo, on an island they later called La Isla de Redención.

These settlers considered Bartolomé de las Casas, a long-celebrated opponent of cruelty toward Native Americans, to be their patron hero; many of his teachings made an impact on the legal infrastructure of their colony.

In July 1741, the colony was the first in the West Indian region to abolish slavery outright, a matter of decades before Britain and France followed suit.

A cluster of Redención's inhabitants later moved westward, to an island chain they called Santa Isabel.

In 1798, the area was given a new name: Rogatia, in honour of the Major Rogation which the San Pablo residents celebrated every April after Easter.

At the start of the 19th century, Rogatia received its first inhabitants of African descent, all of them former slaves from other colonies who had worked hard enough to buy their freedom.

By the 1810s, the French took over Rogatia and ruled it until 1884, when Great Britain assumed control. Associated Statehood was granted in 1967, and independence followed on November 7, 1973. Rogatia became a republic on December 7, 1979.

During World War II, various German attacks on cargo ships off its coast affected Rogatia's trade and infrastructure. As such, citizens would spend days at a time without food imports, and had to improvise with local supplies (particularly arrowroot).

On June 28, 2019, Rogatia unveiled a brand-new flag design with a yellow stripe between two brown ones, coinciding with the country's legalisation of same-sex marriage. This replaced the original 1973 version, which comprised brown and yellow triangles separated by a right-facing party per bend.

Geography

Main page: Backstory:Geography of Rogatia

Considerably far from both the Lesser Antilles and Guianas, Rogatia is among the most remote territories in the Americas. The closest land (at 5.9858° N, 54.7750° W in the northern part of the resort of Bakkie, Suriname, 519 km [322.5 mi] away) and nearest national capital (Paramaribo) lie southward in Suriname, and the nearest major airport is Grantley Adams in Barbados.

Rogatia's landscape is mostly smooth and low-lying, yet undulating in some locations. The southwestern reaches of Shropshire are home to the Orissen Corridor, consisting of the eponymous river and Trouvaille's metropolitan area; eastern Shropshire largely comprises the Pays des Chanilles, which consists of the Talus and Île des Chanilles. The Victoria Fields, measuring 60–70 m in elevation, dominate much of west-central Elmshire; the northeastern side of that province boasts the Vauxhall Peninsula.

Mount Barome, the highest point (at 681.58 m above sea level), lies in central Shropshire. Among that province's other peaks are Ketellou, Wethersfield, and Pakritin. Yorkshire's tallest spot, Reda's Peak, rises to 434.6561 m; Elmshire's tallest land area is the miniature plateau at Our Lady of Salvation, at 204.78 m.

Separating Shropshire and Elmshire is the Sherbrooke Strait, which a portion of the Herbert Hancine Highway (3H) passes through. The third one, Yorkshire, is connected to Elmshire by the Yorkshire Causeway.

Tectonically, the country is part of South America, as it lies within the Guiana Basin (also known as the Makaroff Deep[1]). Some scientists have identified it as an offshore renmant of the Atlantic Shield, broken down over eons by wind and coastal action. In the political, cultural and historical arenas, it is more connected to the Caribbean (and hence, North America).

Rogatia lies outside both the Altantic hurricane belt and major earthquake zones (although very mild temblors occur infrequently), but is not immune to natural disasters: Elmshire was hit moderately by Hurricane David in 1979, and the country bore the brunt of Dorian in 2019; both storms passed with no casualties. Locals also felt serious seismic events from neighbouring islands in 1839, 1843, 2007, and 2015.[2] Eastern Shropshire experienced mild vibrations from an offshore 6.0 Mw event on the afternoon of July 27, 2017.[3]

Demographics

Main page: Backstory:Demographics of Rogatia

In 2017, Rogatia's census recorded a population of 10,059,038. 62% of the country's inhabitants are of African descent, 15% of Caucasian descent (European/American), and 11% of mixed ancestry. Almost four in five inhabitants are above age 15, the highest such rate in the West Indies. High density, open immigration, and overpopulation have run rampant in recent decades; Shropshire, for instance, boasts almost 770 people per km² (1,990 people per mi²).

Economy

Rogatia's GDP, at more than US$8,700 per capita, is mid-range for its region. The nation is the most easterly member of the East Caribbean currency union, although it is not a member of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS). The United States dollar (US$) also receives frequent use throughout.

Politics

From 1979 until February 4, 2013, Rogatia was a parliamentary democracy with its own National Assembly, Prime Minister and President. The three political parties were the Alliance Party, Reformed Party and Kaiser Party. Hilda Norres has been President since 1998; Leon Harris-Charles and his Alliance party came to power in September 2005. The country's elections were renowned for their low voter turnout, as most islanders do not heavily partake in political affairs; the most recent was held in 2011.

On February 4, 2013, as a sign of protest against various copyright regulations proposed in the U.S. and Europe, Rogatia's government declared its constitution invalid; it shut down permanently two days later. Norres and Harris-Charles remain in power, and the country became an absolute diarchy in 2018. This made Rogatia only the fourth of its kind in the world (and the only one in the Americas or Caribbean).

The country is a member of the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations, La Francophonie, and the Caribbean Community (CARICOM).

Communications

Main page: Backstory:Communications in Rogatia

Broadcasting

Television services are provided by national broadcaster/cable company Stride (formerly owned by Hycam Entertainment, eOne Rogatia, and Frontier Communications); the Stride network's flagship channel is ZHSR-DT 21.1.

News outlet Axios has owned and operated ZHXN-FM-DT as its Caribbean branch since January 2020. That same March, ZHXN-FM became the country's only radio station, carrying an audio feed of its television newscasts. Axios in turn became a subsidiary of Cox Enterprises in August 2022.

Six other stations once served local listeners, among them True 95.7 Elmshire and the religious 103.3 Salvation of Gaudium.

ZHSR-DT and ZHXN both originated in 1964 as the government-run ZHCP, whose call letters were downplayed in the TV outlet's marketing/branding/on-air promos during 2009–2019. In 2013, the broadcaster was sold to a Barbadian shell firm that eventually christened themselves Rogatia Media Partners, and rebranded as Aquarius Media in 2018. By November 2020, Aquarius left broadcasting to focus on health consultancy in the wake of COVID-19.

Media distribution

Rogatia is the headquarters of the Caribbean divisions of several North American media companies: Disney-ABC, Sony Pictures, Paramount, Lionsgate (doing business as StarzGroup), A24, and WildBrain. The largest locally operated distributor by catalogue volume, Siriko Distribution Services (SDS), started out during the 1970s and 1980s as the local division of Cinema International Corporation (CIC)/United International Pictures (UIP); now jointly owned by Jamaica's Palace Amusements and South Africa's Naspers, it carries titles from the libraries of former owners Comcast/NBCUniversal and StudioCanal, as well as Warner Bros. Discovery, the Samuel Goldwyn collection,[note 1] Grupo Globo, ITV Studios, and M-Net.

Several locally established distributors also operate in Rogatia: The Hycam Group, Merlette, LCI Entertainment (formerly a cinema chain), and Upland.

Newspapers

Prior to 2017, Rogatia had 21 newspapers, the largest and oldest of which—the Trouvaille Crusader—ceased its print run on May 31, 2014 and returned as a weekly issuu exclusive on September 26. Regional papers once included the Castle Brook Pinnacle and the Elmshire Oracle. There were some specialty publications, among them Salvation (religious), RePORT (Portuguese), and Paradis (French); by the late 2010s, all of them either ceased operations or switched over to online publishing.

Internet

Rogatia's Internet country code is .hc. All sites using this ccTLD are HTTPS-encrypted, the result of a large-scale campaign that occurred between 2013 and late 2018.

Transportation

Main page: Backstory:Transport in Rogatia

Rogatia's transportation infrastructure is one of the most developed in the Caribbean.

Roads

Main page: Backstory:Roads in Rogatia

Rogatia's major thoroughfares are the Herbert Hancine Highway (3H) and the Yorkshire Causeway (YRK), marked on local maps as the combined "3HY".

3HY (and the 144.6 km-long Yorkshire Causeway) begins in province seat Maidenhall, continues northward via the Bridge of Rhodes, and runs through the island of Granby before reaching the southern vicinity of Weymouth, where it continues as the Herbert Hancine Highway. Connecting Yorkshire and Elmshire on the Causeway is the Lascavelle Crossing, built between 1996 and 2002 by European and Caribbean firms. The 28.6 km Crossing is the Caribbean's longest motorable bridge over water (and one of the world's longest next to the Lake Pontchartrain Causeway in New Orleans, Louisiana), and is toll-supported due to its high maintenance and expense. Tolls have been waived every Ash Wednesday since its opening, and also since March 1, 2020 in response to the coronavirus pandemic.

Running 167.6 km in length, 3H was named after the Governor who served the territory from 1941 to 1964, and was also an early supervisor of its construction. The thoroughfare is a grade-separated freeway from between Elmshire's Weymouth and Rowland to southeastern Shropshire's Hodgence (where its terminus meets the Central Shropshire Expressway, Route 16).

Aside from 3HY, the country has six types of road: Routes (R), Secondary Roads (S), Town (T), Village (V), Access (A), and Farm (F).

Since 1941, Rogatia has enforced a strict importation quota of 1,000 new motor vehicles a year for environmental purposes.

Airports

There are four major airports, all serving international flights: Jasper Charles Melvin (JCM) in central Elmshire; Shropshire International in northern Trouvaille Metropolitan; Aeroport des Chanilles in eastern Shropshire; and Maidenhall International in Yorkshire. JCM was the first to open, in 1927 (as Swolley Field).

Elmshire's Drakesley Memorial Airport, near the towns of Charlesbury and Vestrum, was purpose-built as overflow backup for JCM in 1943. Shropshire's Hodgence boasts Molinos (for Shropshire International overflow) and Emmanuel Parlvonne (for agriculture and cropdusting, as well as occasional air shows), while Nosten Aerodrome in the south is part of the national military's headquarters. Lascavelle Business Airport, in Yorkshire's Granby, mostly caters to high-end visitors and businesspeople. Several smaller facilities connect the three provinces via low-cost air taxi.

Ports

Trouvaille is served by the inland Burgess Lake, whose large size and distance from the Orissen mouth led the 19th-century French settlers to give the town its name.

Rail

Though Rogatia has no railways, electric tram networks served Trouvaille, Weymouth, and Gaudium (starting in the 1910s) until automobiles displaced them.[note 2] By the time Port of Spain, Trinidad phased out its service in 1956,[4] Rogatia was the only Caribbean territory with tram systems; Gaudium did likewise in 1957, and Weymouth in 1960. Thanks to the influence of the opening credits of Full House, Trouvaille maintained its system as a tourist attraction up till December 31, 2005.

Culture

Main page: Backstory:Culture of Rogatia

A huge part of Rogatia's modern-day culture is indebted to its burgeoning film industry. Since 1964, the territory has made well over thirty features, most of them from Hycam Entertainment. The country's 33rd feature, 2008's Luko, holds the all-time domestic record for a local production (with over EC$128.5 million upon its March 2011 closure).

Rogatia's music scene is represented internationally by the National Orchestra, aRNO.

The country's literary history goes as far back as the 1870s. Its best-selling book overseas is 1984's Virginnings, a picture travelogue of the U.S. and British Virgin Islands, by John McVelde.

Rogatians are traditionally anti-censorship, pro-environmental, and xenophilic.

Rogation Holiday

The government of Rogatia declared April 25, the day of the Major Rogation, a national public holiday in 1921. If it falls on a weekend, then it is moved to the following Monday. Enormous pilgrimages and church rallies are frequently encountered during the festivities, often causing road blocks for hours at a time.

April 25 also falls on the Christian feast day of Saint Mark the Evangelist, the author of the New Testament Gospel after whom one of Rogatia's parishes is named. Grandiose services are held in the parish seat, Youngsville.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Featuring titles from Samuel Goldwyn Productions, The Samuel Goldwyn Company (SGC), and successor Samuel Goldwyn Films (SGF).
  2. ^ Trams also ran in several major Caribbean cities (Port of Spain, Bridgetown, and Kingston) during the first half of the 20th century.

References

  1. ^ "Glossary of Oceanography and the Related Geosciences with References: Gn–Gz" (January 20, 1997). Steven K. Baum (Texas A&M University). Retrieved on March 10, 2022.
  2. ^ "M 6.5 - 128 km NE of Bathsheba, Barbados" (July 16, 2015). U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). Retrieved on October 8, 2022.
  3. ^ "M 6.0 - North Atlantic Ocean" (July 27, 2017). U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). Retrieved on October 8, 2022.
  4. ^ Morrison, Allen (September 1, 2008). "The Trams and Trolleybuses of Trinidad & Tobago". Allen Morrison. Retrieved on March 19, 2023.