Difference between revisions of "Tovasala"

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(Third of the work listings; from here on, we're dealing with cartography. (Meanwhile, stay tuned for a test run of our first several snippets and entries.))
 
(+ a few more bits)
As summer 2017 approached, Routhwick felt that the ''-aiké'' part of the name was too artifical in appearance and sound. This led to the so-called "Great Suffix Swap", wherein ''-aik'' (the past participle marker) traded places with ''-aid'' (the conditional/subjunctive).<ref>The old name now means "something that ought to reform" (rel-form-aik-e; again-form-{{scc|SJV-N}}) in the current version of Tovasala.</ref> The resulting rebrand to Relformaide took effect that August.
 
By 2019, the Relformaide database contained information on over 3,200 morphemes sourced from over 320 languages, most of them in the Core Base class. (Several roots were also filed under Base or Special, depending on the circumstances.) From the beginning, Routhwick always intended to make RFM machine-readable à la {{wp|Lojban}}.
 
That spring, however, a hacker caused havoc across Referata's network, tampering with the wiki farm's Site Settings, exploiting a heretofore undiscovered security leak, and harassing a user who reverted their vandalism the September prior. Routhwick, an administrator at Referata's home site, tried his best to help (as was founder Yaron Koren behind the scenes). Although the leak was patched and the hacker subsequently blocked, the damage was already done. The Relformaide Dictionary, and three other wikis Routhwick previously opened, were affected as well, and the network thereafter suffered from slow speeds in the fallout's wake. Before it was too late, he managed to back up almost every morpheme table up to that point (via the Export feature), along with the indispensable Grammar (via an external PDF conversion site). Over the next twelve months, he was all but nervous about heading back thanks to the incident, although he occasionally perused Koren's MediaWiki hub and the associated tweet feed of parent firm WikiWorks for any updates.
 
==Brief grammar==
Tovasala is a "worldlang" initially inspired by the Romance branch of Indo-European, even sharing several hundreds of the same terms as its forebears. Words in Tovasala fall into ten word classes: articles, pronouns, nouns, numerals, adjectives, adverbs, verbs, adpositions, conjunctions, and interjections. In addition, there are three numbers (Singular, Dual, and Plural), four genders (Sentient, Nonsentient, Masculine, and Feminine), and four persons represented by seven pronoun stems, and more than 80 adpositions and suffixes corresponding to various {{wp|grammatical case}}s.
 
Tovasala has 26 suffixes placed at the end of words, referred to as "termisons" (''fuindättimes''). The noun termisons are ''-e'' (for inanimate and neuter subjects), ''-o'' (for males), and ''-a'' (for females). Adjectives end with ''-i''; adverbs with ''-u''; and some interjections with ''-(a)t''. 20 termisons are reserved for verb conjugations, the most in any class. Adpositions, conjunctions, and conjunctionsthe remaining interjections retain their bare forms.
 
Of the language's six tenses, only the Present is unmarked. The remainder are represented by prefixes ''nupé-'' (Recent Past), ''pé-'' (Simple Past), ''plé-'' (Discontinuous Past), ''fé-'' (Future), and ''péfé-'' (Future in the Past). The last ''é'' becomes ''er'' before vowels, as in ''pévéyim'' (I saw) and ''ferintadisim'' (we'll be inside).
 
Tovasala is {{wp|split ergativity|split-ergative}}--pronouns are {{wp|nominative-accusative}}, but regular nouns and numbers are {{wp|ergative-absolutive|absolutive-ergative}}: ''Judiya véyat <u>mio</u>'' (Judy sees <u>me</u>), ''Josefo peruslenat <u>té</u>'' (Joseph was served <u>by you</u>), ''Guispellés pémankat <u>Anyieba</u>'' (The biscuits were eaten <u>by Anne</u>), ''Fémouvvéyisim <u>trigiebe</u> kimonni'' (We will be visited <u>by three</u> kings). The standard constituent order, as in English, is Subject-verb-object (SVO); the traits of its conjugation system render it in many cases as Verb-object (VO).
 
Tovasala is a {{wp|zero copula}} language, except when ''sujar'' (to be [identified as]; used exclusively in encyclopedia/newspaper articles and news reports) is involved.
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