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  • baubling (Obs. Rare; "unimportant, purposeless activity"). "Baubling brook": a dried-up stream?
  • hanbok ("A traditional Korean costume consisting of a long-sleeved jacket or blouse and a long, high-waisted skirt for women or loose-fitting trousers for men, typically worn on formal or ceremonial occasions.")
  • soy ("Chiefly Scottish. Obsolete (archaic in later use). Silk. Usually (and earliest) more fully as silken soy.")
  • anhelant
    1. "Exhibiting or characterized by laboured breathing or shortness of breath; gasping, panting. Also figurative. Cf. anhelous adj."
    2. "Used for absorption. rare."
  • annumeration (Early spelling of enumeration.)
  • federo ("Ugandan English. A (proposed) federal system of government; federalism.")
    • "The adoption of a federal government has been a contentious issue in Uganda since it became an independent nation in 1962."
  • railipotent ("depreciative. Obsolete. Given to ranting, haranguing, or invective.")
    • Which very well fits this site founder's mood when "nephew-sitting" offline.
  • sub-location ("In Kenya: an administrative district forming a subdivision of a location.")
  • standback
    1. "A person who holds back; one who refrains from becoming involved in an undertaking. Now rare."
      • "In early use frequently in parodic names of regiments."
    2. A source of strength, a support. Obsolete."
  • mabati ("East African (chiefly Kenyan English). Corrugated iron sheeting, used esp. as a building material for houses. Frequently as a modifier.")
  • belukar ("In Malaysia, Singapore, and Indonesia: secondary jungle or forest that grows up on previously cleared or cultivated land.")
  • saucery ("Now historical.")
    1. "The group of servants responsible for the preparation of sauces in a large or royal household."
      • "Attested earliest in a surname [Thomas de la Saucerie]."
    2. "The part of a house where sauces are prepared."
    • saucery-man ("(Obsolete) a servant responsible for the preparation of sauces.")
    • Possible chapter name, anywhere in the series: "Sword and Saucery"?
  • muhoi ("East African. A person who has been given the right to cultivate a plot of land without payment; a tenant at will. Cf. ahoi n. (the usual plural form).")
  • anheat ("Obsolete.")
    1. "transitive. To heat (something); to inflame, arouse (a person or thing)."
    2. "intransitive. To become inflamed or aroused."
  • ignomious ("Obsolete. Causing or involving public disgrace or dishonour; (later in weakened use) humiliating, undignified. Cf. ignominious adj. Compare earlier ignomy n.")
  • sauce-medley ("Obsolete. A mixture of disparate ingredients; a concoction. [Used figuratively.]")
  • compernage ("Obsolete. Companionship, company.")
    • "Origin: Of uncertain origin. Either (i) a borrowing from French. Or (ii) a variant or alteration of another lexical item. Etymons: French companage; company n.
      "Etymology: Either (i) < Middle French companage (early 15th cent.) < Middle French compaigner, compagner to associate, to form a company or group (see company v.) + -age -age suffix.
      "Or (ii) < company n., with suffix substitution (see -age suffix) for reasons of rhyme.
      "The introduction of r in the second syllable has not been adequately explained; compare similar forms at (unrelated) companage n."
  • pinguinitescent ("Obsolete. Having a greasy lustre. Latin pinguis [fat] + nitēscēns [starting to shine].")
  • dwarfify ("Obsolete. rare. transitive. To render (a thing) small, weak, or inferior in extent, nature, character, etc.; to restrict or reverse the development of.")
  • irio ("In Kenyan cookery: a dish consisting of mashed potatoes or sweet potatoes with maize, peas, and leafy green vegetables such as spinach, typically eaten as an accompaniment to other dishes.")
  • kwacha ("In Zambia and Malawi: used as a nationalist slogan or rallying cry." Also the national currency of both countries.)
  • poddle ("colloquial (chiefly English regional). intransitive. To walk with slow, short, or unsteady steps; to proceed in a dawdling or uncoordinated manner; to waddle, toddle, potter. Sometimes with adverb, as about, along, etc. Cf. paddle v.1 4.")
  • Brahmo ("A follower of Brahmoism; of, related to, or characteristic of Brahmoism.")
  • anti-cyclical ("Economics. Contrary to the prevailing trend at a particular point in an economic cycle.")
  • shrub ("Kenyan English. colloquial. A word in another language pronounced in a manner that is influenced by one's mother tongue. Often in plural.")
    • "Chiefly used with reference to English or Swahili words that are pronounced in a manner characteristic of another Kenyan language."
  • anoptical ("Obsolete. rare. Outside of the field of vision.")
  • dogfood ("Computing slang. Of a company or its employees: to use (a product or service developed by the company), as a means of testing it before it is made available to customers.")
  • singeli ("A style of fast-paced electronic dance music originating in Tanzania, combining elements of hip-hop with influences from East African popular music such as taarab.")
    • One of the permanently aged Malagasy cubs in Volume VI has a few cuts from this genre in his MP3 collection.
  • reginal
    1. "Of or relating to a queen; queenly."
    2. "Supporting or taking the side of the queen. Obsolete. rare."
    • One letter away from this site founder's given pen name.
  • bodge-up ("Chiefly British. A bodged or bungled task or undertaking; a piece of work that has been done hastily, clumsily, or unskilfully. Also as a modifier, esp. in bodge-up job; cf. bodge job n.")
    • Attested with this meaning since 1959; six years earlier, the term also meant "confused or clumsy mixture" in an article from the Australian newspaper, the Portland Guardian of Victoria.
  • anientizement ("Obsolete. Destruction, ruin; detriment, loss. Cf. aneantize ['to weaken or diminish (a person or thing); to cause (something) to be lessened or reduced; to humble'] v.")
  • annit ("As a tag question: ‘isn't it?’. Also in later use: ‘hasn't it?’, ‘doesn't it?’, ‘aren't you?’, ‘wasn't I?’, etc. Cf. ennit int. and innit int.")
    • "Often in representations of regional speech."
  • anotherwhile ("Obsolete. At another time. Often paired with onewhile ['on one occasion; at one time'] adv. 1.")
    • This term is in the vocabulary of Nomena and her fellowship.
  • Watusi ("A popular dance of the early 1960s, originating in the United States, in which the dancer stands with knees slightly bent while moving both outstretched arms up and down or side to side.")
  • Holy Hour
    1. "In the Roman Catholic Church: a devotional exercise or religious observance consisting of an hour of prayer or meditation in the presence of the consecrated Eucharist."
    2. "Irish English colloquial. A period of time in the afternoon during which pubs are required to close. Now historical."
      • "This requirement was introduced in some parts of Ireland in the 1920s and was discontinued at the end of the 20th cent."
  • anomalously ("In a way that deviates from what is standard, normal, or expected.")
  • abacist ("A person who makes calculations using an abacus." Attested since ca. 1387.)
  • unga ("In East African cookery: maize meal or flour, used especially to make ugali.")
  • ignorancy ("Now rare. The fact or condition of being ignorant; ignorance.")
  • maleficate ("Obsolete. rare. transitive. To exert a baleful influence on; to bewitch.")
  • standard-winged ("In the names of birds: characterized by the possession of pairs of elongated wing feathers (see standard n. 7), typically by the male.")
  • langers ("colloquial (originally and chiefly Irish English). Very drunk; intoxicated. Chiefly in predicative use. Cf. langered adj.")
  • sean nós ("Irish English. ‘Old custom or style.’ Used to denote a style of traditional, unaccompanied singing, usually in the Irish language. Also: used to denote a type of improvisational Irish step-dancing. Usually as a modifier, as in sean nós singing, sean nós style, etc.")
  • bystander ("A person who is present when something is happening but is not involved; a spectator or onlooker. Cf. innocent bystander at innocent adj. and n. Additions.")

  • fáinne ("Irish English. A ring-shaped brooch or pin worn to indicate that the wearer is a speaker of Irish and is willing to communicate in Irish. Also as a modifier, as in fáinne badge, fáinne pin, etc.")
    • "Fáinnes are usually either gold (indicating fluency) or silver (indicating a working knowledge of the language)."
    • First attested in a 1919 Cork Examiner article. "Compare earlier fawney n. [a finger ring]."
    • Sean the otter's father, Drake, wears a fáinne as a heirloom; Drake's own father, Kenneth, passed it over to him a few months before 1995's eruption of Soufriere Hills in their old homeland of Montserrat. A subplot in Volume II will revolve around its loss-turned-eventual theft, whose case Sam gets on only a week into his 2009 Marigot summer visit.
  • stand easy
    • "Chiefly Military."
      1. "An order to assume a fully relaxed posture or stance; the assumption of such a posture or stance. Also in figurative use: a period of relaxation. Cf. stand easy at easy adv. 4c."
      2. "Relating to or characterized by the assumption of the relaxed posture or stance indicated by the command ‘stand easy’."
  • simpulum ("Roman History. A small ladle or other vessel used to pour out wine, esp. as an offering to a god.")
  • annonary ("Of or relating to provisions; (in later use) spec. concerning or contributing to the supply of provisions to a city, army, etc.")
  • stand-to ("Military. The action of standing ready for an attack (in early use esp. before dawn or after dusk) or of preparing for combat; (also) a period of duty, or the time at which such a period begins. Cf. to stand to 3 at stand v. Phrasal verbs 1, stand-to-arms n., stand down n. 2b.")
  • brothelsome ("Obsolete. Of or befitting a brothel; characteristic of or resembling a brothel.")
  • standing place
    1. "A plot of fallow land. Obsolete. rare."
    2. "A place assigned or reserved for a person or thing to stand in; a place designed to accommodate a person or people standing."
  • Buddha dharma
      1. "Buddhism. Each of the eighteen personal qualities considered to distinguish a Buddha."
      2. "Chiefly with the. The doctrine or teachings of the Buddha; Buddhism."
    • "Chiefly in the language of Buddhists. In Theravada Buddhism the related term Buddha dhamma n. is typically used."
  • stress buster ("colloquial (originally U.S.). Something which relieves, or is designed to relieve, stress; esp. an activity which promotes relaxation or has a relaxing effect.")
  • Dub ("A native or inhabitant of Dublin; = Dubliner n.")
  • bordeller ("Obsolete. A brothel keeper. Perhaps also: a person who frequents brothels.")
  • ecopoiesis ("The establishment of an artificially assembled, self-sustaining ecosystem on a lifeless planet. Cf. terraforming n.")
  • anmaile (Obsolete spelling error for enamel.)
  • share pusher ("Chiefly British. A person who or company which sells shares by using advertisements and other sales techniques rather than trading them on a stock market; (typically) one who fraudulently sells shares of little value in this way.")
  • rhyparography ("The painting of distasteful or sordid subjects. Also: writing about distasteful or sordid subjects.")
    • rhyparographic ("Of, relating to, or of the nature of rhyparography.")
  • distance-based ("That is conducted using technology that enables users to interact or participate without face-to-face contact, now esp. via the internet; spec. designating education carried out in this manner (cf. distance learning n.).")
  • villagize
    1. "To cause to resemble a village; to acquire the character of a village or a village community."
    2. "To relocate (people) to planned villages, often compulsorily or forcibly, in an effort to exert control over previously scattered communities, or as part of a programme of collectivization of agriculture or other economic activity. Cf. villagization n.")
  • ankimo ("In Japanese cookery: the liver of a monkfish, esp. as rubbed with salt and rinsed with sake, formed into a cylinder, steamed, and served cold in slices as an appetizer.")
    • Attested since 1975 in its native Japanese, and 1984 in English.
  • colonoscope ("Medicine. An instrument used for visual examination of the colon; (now) spec. a flexible fibre-optic endoscope often having attachments for biopsy, polypectomy, etc.")
  • Standartenführer ("Now historical. A commanding officer of a unit within the Nazi forces of the Schutzstaffel or the Sturmabteilung.")
  • a nighttimes ("Obsolete. rare. At night; during the night. Cf. a-night adv.")
  • chapo ("East African. A thin pancake of unleavened wholemeal bread cooked on a griddle; = chapatti n.")
  • Muskoka chair ("Canadian. A type of garden chair, typically made from slatted wood and having flat, wide armrests and a seat which slants downwards towards a fan-shaped sloping back.")
    • "In the United States this type of chair is usually called an Adirondack chair (see Adirondack chair n. at Adirondack n. and adj. Compounds)."
    • "Muskoka [is] the name of a region of south central Ontario, popular for summer cottages."
    • 1987, Sunday Star (Toronto), 18 Jan. c3/4: "The best nod to nostalgia came from Rivenwood Furniture Ltd. Its Muskoka chairs..[are] based on the wonderful 'Popsicle stick' slatted chairs so familiar in cottage country."
  • kaveera ("Ugandan English. With singular agreement. As a mass noun: plastic bags, plastic packaging; (as a count noun) a plastic bag, a piece of plastic. Cf. buveera n." [From Luganda.])
  • sand laverock ("British regional (now chiefly Scottish). Any of various small shorebirds or waders, esp. a sandpiper. Cf. sand lark n. 1.")
  • mamaguy ("Grenada, Trinidad, and Tobago. To try to deceive or mislead (someone), esp. by means of flattery; (also) to tease, make fun of.")
    • From Spanish mamar el gallo, "to suck at a rooster".
  • standing room (Sense 2: "Canadian regional (Newfoundland). Any of several compartments between the thwarts of an undecked fishing boat to stand in while fishing. Now historical.")
  • firebreak
    1. "Originally Newfoundland. A section of cleared land, or a naturally occurring barrier such as open ground, a stretch of water, etc., that helps prevent the spread of fire."
    2. "A measure intended to stop the spread of something dangerous or harmful; (now) spec. a short period in which travel, business, and human contact are restricted in order to prevent the spread of an infectious disease."
  • anakhosi ("South African. With plural agreement. In traditional Nguni societies: tribal leaders or chiefs, regarded collectively. Cf. inkosi n." From Xhosa and Zulu.)
  • shargar ("Scottish (chiefly north-eastern). A weak or emaciated person or animal; (also) a short bow-legged person.")
    • "Recorded earliest as a modifier."
  • shamba ("East African. A piece of cultivated land; a farm or plantation.")
    • shamba boy ("A boy or man employed on a farm or plantation, esp. in manual labour; a farmhand.")
  • coboss ("U.S. regional (northern) and Canadian. Used as a call to summon or attract the attention of cattle." Shortened from come boss!.)
    • "Frequently reduplicated."
  • deskmate
    1. "North American. A senator, assemblyperson, or other political representative who sits next to another in the legislative chamber."
    2. "A person who sits next to another at school (now chiefly East African). Also: a person who shares a desk with another at work."
  • anorth ("U.S. Now rare. To the north; northward.")
    • Another term in Nomena's vocabulary.
  • sharecropping ("Originally U.S. The action or practice of farming as a sharecropper; the cultivation of farmland by farm labourers who receive crops, board, etc., as wages in exchange for work performed, or (more generally) by tenant farmers who give a part of the income from each crop as rent.")
    • "Originally and chiefly with reference to farming practices in the American South in the century following the American Civil War (1861–5). American sharecroppers typically lived in poverty, and sharecropping arrangements were one of the ways in which African-American labour continued to be exploited following the end of slavery. While the words sharecropper and sharecropping are chiefly used in this historical context, they may sometimes be used to refer to similar later farming arrangements both in the United States and elsewhere."
  • manicule ("An image, symbol, or typographic mark depicting a hand with a pointing forefinger (☛), esp. used in writing or printing to draw the reader's attention to something. Cf. hand n. 8b.")
  • sudanophilia ("Histology. The property of taking up a Sudan stain (which binds to lipids in cells or tissues); an instance of this. Cf. Sudan n. 2a.")
  • ceol ("Irish English. Music. In later use often in collocation with craic.")
  • curatorium ("A group of curators (in various senses), typically acting as an advisory body.")
    • "Originally and often in German or other continental European contexts."
    • The Curatorium is the network of compilers hired by Kino Lorber Panama City (KLPC) for their Reflections visual albums.
  • anotherguess ("Obsolete (archaic in later use). Of another kind or character; different; = anothergates adj.")
  • langered ("colloquial (originally and chiefly Irish English). Very drunk; intoxicated. Chiefly in predicative use, often in to get langered. Cf. earlier langers adj.")
  • saucily ("In a saucy manner (in various senses of the adjective); esp. (in early use) insolently, impudently, presumptuously; (now) sexily, suggestively; cheekily.")
  • birdikin ("Now rare. A little or young bird.")
    • This would have made a really good Saturday-morning title back in the day.
  • Brahmoism ("A monotheistic religious movement within Hinduism, founded by Rammohun Roy in 1828, which rejected various Hindu rituals and advocated for social reform.")
  • wabi-sabi ("[Relating to or designating] a Japanese aesthetic or world view characterized by finding beauty in imperfection, impermanence, or simplicity. Also: [designating] a style, appearance, etc., reflecting this aesthetic.")
  • anonymal ("Now rare. Not identified by name; of unknown authorship; anonymous.")
  • rakat ("Islam. A cycle or unit of prayer, consisting of a ritual sequence of movements and spoken or silent recitations.")
    • Or, what Ibrahim sometimes engages in.
  • scooptram ("Mining (chiefly North American). A haulage vehicle with a large bucket in front, used for transporting and loading ore in a mine.")
    • "A proprietary name in Canada and the United States."
  • Brahmanicide ("The action of killing a Brahmin.")
  • shrubbing ("Kenyan English. colloquial. The action or practice of pronouncing a word or words in another language in a manner that is influenced by one's mother tongue; an instance of this.")
    • "Chiefly used with reference to English or Swahili words pronounced in a manner characteristic of another Kenyan language."
  • sorpotel ("A dish of Portuguese origin adopted in some former Portuguese colonies (esp. in northeastern Brazil, in Goa, and on the island of Zanzibar), consisting of different kinds of meat, offal, and often blood, cooked together in a stew with vinegar and spices.")
    • Original Portuguese word is of unknown origin. "Compare Portuguese regional (northern) sarrabulho, denoting the same dish (1720)."
    • One of the Fortaleza family's favourite meals, which may be featured in a Volume I scene.
  • Tonga (A Bantu people in Malawi, or their language. Unrelated to the island nation in the South Pacific.)