From Constant Noble
Jump to navigation Jump to search
  • waragi ("East African. A strong Ugandan gin made from distilled bananas, cassava, millet, or sugar cane." From Nubi.)
  • anour ("Obsolete. Dignity, nobility; honour.")
  • anorning ("Obsolete. The action of adorning or embellishing something; adornment, decoration.")
  • sauce malapert ("Obsolete. Presumptuousness, insolence.")
  • beeline ("Originally U.S. intransitive. To travel in a straight line; to hurry somewhere by the quickest route possible; to make a beeline to or for someone or something.")
  • brethel ("Obsolete. A worthless or contemptible person; a good-for-nothing; a wretch. Cf. bretheling n.")
  • Kenyanization ("The action or process of making something Kenyan in character, composition, etc., spec. a policy of replacing non-Kenyan citizens (typically settlers of European or South Asian descent) with Kenyan citizens (typically of African descent) in various occupations in all sectors of the local economy. Cf. Kenyanize v.")
    • "Kenyanization efforts began when Kenya achieved independence from British colonization in 1963."
  • tots ("U.S. Bite-sized croquettes of shredded potato, fried or baked and typically served hot as a side dish; = tater tots n. Also occasionally in singular: a croquette of shredded potato prepared in this way.")
  • ciunas ("Irish English.")
    • "Silence; quiet; esp.(in a social environment) silence instilled when people refrain from speech or noise."
    • "Used as a command or request for silence: ‘be quiet’."
  • annosity ("Obsolete. Great age; long life or existence.")
    • Gives way to the subtitle of Volume I: "The Annosity of Agatha".
  • Shan Van Vocht ("Irish English (often poetic and literary). ‘Poor old woman’: used as a female personification of Ireland.")
    • From Irish Seanbhean Bhocht, comprising sean (old) + bean (woman) + bocht (poor, unfortunate).
  • fabulism ("The imagining or depiction of fanciful or fantastic things, now esp. as a literary style. Also: an instance or example of this.")
    • "Recorded earliest in ultra-fabulism [in 1852]."
  • stress test (See Wikipedia for articles on its different types.)
  • Celticization ("The action or fact of making something Celtic in character or form; the process of becoming Celtic or acquiring Celtic characteristics. Cf. Celticize v.")
  • effeminize ("Now often in historical contexts. transitive. To make (a person or thing) effeminate or feminine in appearance, quality, character, etc. Frequently in passive.)
  • leading light
    1. "A light by which a person is guided. Usually figurative. Obsolete."
    2. "A person who is prominent or influential in a particular field or organization."
    3. "Nautical. A light, usually one of two or more marking a channel, used to aid safe navigation into a harbour or canal. Cf. range light n. at range n.1 and adv. Compounds 2.")
  • tambala ("A monetary unit of Malawi, introduced in 1971, and equivalent to one-hundredth of a kwacha. Also: a coin of this value.")
  • saucing ("The action or process of flavouring or covering a foodstuff with sauce.")
  • endarkenment ("The state of becoming less informed about something than was previously the case, or of finding a situation, subject, more obscure than before.")
    • OED ID (67849) returned a 404 at press time, so definition was retrieved from the official tweet.
  • saucer bath
    1. "A shallow dish or saucer of water used as a bird bath."
    2. "A wide, shallow bathtub used for sponging oneself down. Also: a bath taken in such a bathtub. Now chiefly historical."
  • sharing ("Obsolete.")
    1. "A piece of an object that has been cut or broken up; something that has been shorn or cut off."
    2. "The action of cutting, shearing, or shaving something (see share v.1)."
      • "In quot. 1573 as a modifier, designating shears used for shearing sheep (cf. shearing n. Compounds 1c)."

1573 T. Tusser Fiue Hundreth Points Good Husbandry (new ed.) f. 15v [A] skuttle or skreine,..and sharing sheares ready, for sheepe to be shorne.

  • a(n)historical (Not historical; unconnected to history or historical events.)
  • sibsomness ("Obsolete. rare. Peacefulness; amity, concord. Cf. sib n.1 2.")
    • "[From] Old English sibsum peaceable, friendly...[which] survives into early Middle English only in derivatives."
    • If the cottagecore movement can revive one word, then this is the prime candidate. Cf. the later works of Celesse on Twitter (as glimpsed at in FTA:2022/One crazy fortnight.)
    • This might get attested in the finished form of Volume II.
  • Recently published: topstitch, v.; damnation, n., int., adv., adj.; weatherwoman, n.; chamfron, n.
  • deliverology ("Politics. A target-driven process designed to ensure the successful implementation of reforms or achievement of policy goals within government or the public sector.")
    • "Originally used as a humorous term in the British civil service with the ironic implication that such a process constituted a science."
  • Recently published: ground zero; topmostly; chave.
  • Xennial
    • " A person born between the late 1970s and early 1980s, after (or towards the end of) Generation X and before (or at the beginning of) the millennial generation, and typically regarded as exhibiting characteristics of both of these generations; cf. Generation X n. 2, millennial n. 2."
      • "Xennials are noted for having been children before the widespread use of digital technology, becoming familiar with such technology in adolescence and adulthood; cf. digital immigrant n. at digital n. and adj. Compounds 2.
        "Xennials do not appear in every account of 20th and 21st century generational cohorts, in which Generation X is often followed directly by Generation Y (the Millennials), resulting in some shared birth years with these cohorts."
    • "Designating the generation of people born between the late 1970s and early 1980s; of, relating to, or belonging to this generation."
  • top to tail ("Chiefly British. With reference to the orientation of two or more people lying beside one another: with each person's head next to the adjacent person's feet. Cf. top n.1 and adj. Phrases 3a(c).")
  • top-heaviness ("The state or quality of being top-heavy (in various senses of top-heavy adj.).")
  • Andaste ("Now historical. A member of a Northern Iroquoian people formerly inhabiting an area on the lower Susquehanna River in Pennsylvania; = Susquehannock n.")
  • psionic ("Relating to or involving psychic or paranormal phenomena or powers; having psychic ability; spec. using dowsing and homeopathy in medical diagnosis and treatment. Cf. psi n. 2.")
  • shocked ("Of sheaves or cut crops: arranged in shocks"—"sheaves or unbound stalks of wheat or some other cereal crop arranged in a conical stack to allow it to dry, cure, or ripen in the open air; (more generally) any heap or conical arrangement of a crop left outside to dry. Also in figurative contexts. Cf. stook n.1, cock n.3."
    • "Sometimes denoting a stack containing particular number of sheaves, often twelve or ten (cf. tithing shock)."
  • topknot
    • "A woman's headdress; spec. a tall headdress made of ribbons, lace, and linen frills usually supported by a wire frame, in fashion in the late 17th and early 18th centuries; = fontange n. Now historical.
    • "Hair tied up or pinned into a knot or bun on the top of the head; a hairstyle in which long hair is arranged in this way."
    • "In an animal or bird: a tuft or crest of hair, feathers, etc., on the head."
    • "spec. Australian and New Zealand. The wool which grows on top of the head and around the eyes of a sheep. Cf. wig n.3 1e."
    • "slang. The head. Also (1848): the scalp."
  • cornet à piston ("A valved brass instrument similar to a trumpet but shorter and with a wider mouth; = cornet n.1 3. Formerly also: †a person who plays this instrument (obsolete).")
  • segotia ("Irish English. A friend; often in old segotia. Chiefly as a term of endearment or affectionate form of address, esp. between men." Attested since 1917.)
    • "Origin unknown. It has sometimes been suggested that this is an arbitrary alteration, either of associate n. (perhaps in mocking imitation of an early 20th-cent. Irish speaker with an imperfect command of English) or of French mon cher gosse (lit. ‘my dear child’, although this appears to be rare itself), but no direct evidence has been traced that would connect either of these to the Irish English word, and the alteration would be substantial in each case.
    "A suggested borrowing < Irish seo dhuit-se, literally ‘here (it is) to you’, is unlikely on semantic grounds, and no evidence has been traced for a reported use of the phrase as a greeting.
    "Literary alteration.
    "Compare also the following, which appears to show a conscious alteration of the Irish English word:"
    1939 J. Joyce Finnegans Wake 215 Ah, but she was the queer old skeowsha anyhow, Anna Livia, trinkettoes!
    • Coincidentally rhymes with Rogatia (/səˈɡɒːʃə/ [Ir.] / /səˈɡɔːʃə/ [UK]).
  • chaffered ("Obsolete. rare. Traded, bartered." Sole attestations from 1606. From chaffer, "to bargain; to haggle about terms or price.")
  • topcastle
    • "A platform and framework near the head of each of the lower masts of a sailing ship, designed to extend the rigging of the topmast, and used as a standing place; esp. such a platform in a warship, fortified and used as a position for archers, riflemen, etc. Later also called the top (see top n.1 16). historical in later use."
    • "figurative. The best or most highly developed example of something; the high point, the acme, the zenith. Obsolete."
    • "Usually as two words. The top part of the frame of a loom; spec. the part that holds the heddles."
  • bird dog
    1. "Originally: †a dog trained to catch wild birds (obsolete). In later use (chiefly North American): any of various breeds of dog developed to find or retrieve birds; a dog of one of these breeds; = gun dog n. at gun n. Compounds 2."
    2. "U.S. colloquial. A person whose job is to find and recruit people on behalf of someone else; esp. a talent scout for a sports team."
      • "U.S. Military slang and College slang. A single young man who tries to dance with, talk to, etc., a young woman who is part of a couple with another man. Now rare.
      • "Forestry (chiefly Canadian). More fully bird dog plane. A small aeroplane that leads or directs water bombers fighting a wildfire."
    • Featured in the Smashwords manuscript for Marigot Magic.
  • Cruyff turn ("Association Football. A manoeuvre used by one player to evade another, in which the player with the ball feints a pass while facing in one direction before immediately dragging the ball behind and across his or her standing leg with the other foot, turning, and moving away in the opposite direction.")
  • blanketer ("Somewhat rare. A person who makes blankets.")
  • requiescat ("A wish or prayer for the repose of the soul of a dead person." Earliest attestation: 1772.)
  • under-chancellor ("A subordinate or assistant chancellor.")
    • "Frequently in continental European contexts as a translation of official titles in other languages."
  • top drawer
    • "With the. The highest social class or group; the elite. Chiefly in prepositional phrases, esp. out of the top drawer, indicating that a person belongs to such a class or group."
    • "Of the highest quality; first-class."
  • shock mounting ("A resilient mounting designed to provide protection by absorbing mechanical shock and dampening vibration. Also: the action or process of providing with shock mounts.")
  • parapublic ("Chiefly Canadian. Especially of an organization or service: partially funded, owned, or operated by the government.")
  • total football (Association Football. An attacking style of football in which every outfield player is able to play in any position as required during the course of a game, to allow fluid movement around the pitch while retaining the team's overall structure as players exchange positions and fill spaces left by others.")
    • "The emergence of this style of play is closely associated with the Dutch club Ajax and the Netherlands national team in the early 1970s, although other clubs and teams had previously played using a similar system."
  • breast binder
    1. "A bandage, garment, or other device used to bind the breasts of a woman for medical reasons, often in order to reduce or suppress the production of milk."
    2. "A bandage, garment, length of fabric, etc., worn around the chest (typically beneath the clothing) to support or compress the breasts; (now) esp. a tightly-fitting undergarment of stretchable or elasticated fabric, designed to flatten the breasts, and worn esp. by transmasculine or non-binary people; = binder n. Additions."
  • shough ("Now historical and in historical contexts. A small dog having a shaggy coat.")
    • "The shough is thought to have originated in Iceland and may have resembled an Iceland dog or Skye terrier."
    • Of uncertain origin. Appears in Shakespeare's Macbeth.
  • bunkhouse ("Originally North American. A building providing (basic) temporary sleeping accommodation for workers, backpackers, hikers, etc. Occasionally also: an outbuilding at a hotel, etc., providing overflow accommodation when required.")
  • adyt ("Now rare. The innermost or most sacred part of a temple or other place of worship; = adytum n. Chiefly figurative in later use.")
  • skollydom ("South African. Now chiefly historical. The condition or activity of a skolliean unkempt, disreputable, or irresponsible person, esp. a young man; disreputableness, delinquency. Also occasionally: skollies collectively.")
  • top boot ("Now chiefly historical.")
    1. "A high boot with a broad band of leather or other material around the top which is of a different colour, finish, etc., to the main body and gives the appearance of a turned-over cuff; (typically) a riding boot in this style, originally associated with country gentlemen, later with huntsmen, jockeys, coachmen, etc. Usually in plural. Cf. top n.1 19."
    2. "gen. Any long or high boot. Usually in plural."
  • damnous ("Law. rare. Causing loss, damage, or injury; of or relating to a damnum.")
    • "Apparently unattested in the 17th and 18th centuries."
  • Lord High Chancellor (" Originally: (a deferential title for) an officer of state acting as administrator of the royal household and subsequently also as head of the judiciary; (later) (a title for) the highest officer of the Crown, responsible for the efficient functioning and independence of the courts; = Lord Chancellor n. Cf. chancellor n. 2a.")
  • sharenting
    1. "The action of sharing the responsibilities of being a child's parent or caregiver."
    2. "The action or practice of sharing news, images, or videos of one's children on social media websites."
  • groceress (A female grocer—a.k.a. Mrs. Aldenheimer, Marigot shrew.)
  • damnifying ("Obsolete. Originally and chiefly Law. Harm or detriment; injury, damage.")
  • top edge
    1. "Bookbinding. The upper edges of the pages in a book collectively, esp. when having a decorative gilt or coloured finish. Also in plural. Cf. top n.1 7b."
    2. "Cricket. The upper edge of the bat in playing a cross-batted stroke; an uncontrolled shot played accidentally by the batter with this part of the bat."
  • blanketeer ("Now historical.")
    1. † "One of a group of people who engages in throwing a person in the air repeatedly from a blanket held slackly at the corners or edges. Cf. to toss in a blanket at toss v. 9a. Obsolete."
    2. "Chiefly with capital initial. One of a large group of demonstrators, mainly weavers and spinners, who gathered in Manchester on 10 March 1817 with the aim of marching to London to petition the Prince Regent over the state of the textile industry; a supporter of this demonstration or its cause."
      • "The gathering, which was largely dispersed by cavalry, became known as the Blanket March because many of the participants carried rolled blankets for the journey. It formed part of a series of protests and calls for reform culminating in the Peterloo massacre of 16 August 1819."
  • ancille (Obsolete. A female servant or attendant; a maid. Cf. ancilla n. 1.")
  • Stepford ("Robotic; docile; obedient; acquiescent; (also) uniform; attractive but lacking in individuality, emotion, or thought." A reference to the Connecticut suburb in Ira Levin's 1972 novel.)
  • blouson
    1. "A woman's bodice or blouse. Obsolete. rare."
    2. "A short jacket, typically cut full in the body and having a close-fitting waistband. Also more fully blouson jacket."
    • blouson sleeve ("A sleeve cut relatively full and loose in the arm and ending in a narrow, close-fitting cuff.")
  • Andrewmas ("Chiefly Scottish and English regional (northern). Now frequently historical. (The date of) the feast of St Andrew, 30th November. In early use frequently as a modifier, as in Andrewmas fair, Andrewmas term, etc.")
  • indigentness ("Rare.")
    1. † "Lack or absence of something necessary or desirable; deficiency, want. Obsolete."
    2. "The fact or condition of living in (extreme) poverty or need; indigency."
  • ancora ("Used by members of an audience to demand the repetition of a song, piece of music, etc., which has pleased them; ‘again!’; ‘one more time!’. Cf. encore int.")
    • "Frequently in Italian contexts, although the adverb ancora is not usually used as an interjection in Italian."
  • pretenture ("Roman History. Obsolete.")
    1. "A Roman frontier wall or rampart, esp. Hadrian's Wall and the Antonine Wall in Roman Britain."
    2. "A Roman garrison guarding a frontier."
  • blanket stitch (Needlework and Embroidery. A type of stitch used to bind, reinforce, or decorate the edge or hem of a blanket or other item, and also as an ornamental embroidery stitch. Cf. buttonhole stitch n.")
    • "Recorded earliest as a modifier [in an ad in the May 6, 1879 issue of the Baltimore Sun]."
  • navel-gazer
    1. "A person who engages in the mystical practice of gazing at his or her navel for a protracted period as a means of attaining a hypnotic or meditative state. Cf. navel-gazing n. 1, omphalopsychic n."
    2. "A person who engages in self-indulgent, excessive, or unproductive contemplation of the self or of a single issue; a person who is complacently self-absorbed. Cf. navel-gazing n. 2."
  • Wardour Street
    1. "depreciative. (Designating) artificially archaic language, esp. as affected by writers of historical novels; (employing) such language. Frequently in Wardour Street English."
      • "In the 19th cent., Wardour Street in London became known for its many shops specializing in imitations of antique furniture. Hence, Wardour Street was used allusively to refer to similarly inauthentic archaic language.
      • "In quot. 1857 [from the Athenaeum of that August], Wardour-Street ‘slang’ may refer to language of the kind used by antique dealers on Wardour Street rather than artificially archaic language."
    2. "(Of, relating to, or involved in) the British film industry, as located in Wardour Street, London."
    • Chosen as OED's Word of the Day for January 1, 2023.
  • melpomenish ("literary. rare. Tragic; of a tragic demeanour.")
  • chancellery
    1. "The office or position of chancellor (in various senses of the noun); (also) the duration of the term of office of a chancellor; = chancellorship n. rare after Middle English."
    2. "The court or department of a chancellor; spec. an administrative department responsible for official documents (now historical)."
      • "The building or room in which a chancellor's department is situated; (also) the official residence of a chancellor."
      • "An office attached to an embassy or consulate. Cf. chancellor n. 1b."
        • "In British diplomatic use, the official term is chancery."
  • co-operate ("Obsolete. Caused to cooperate; brought into cooperation.")
  • chaffing ("Baking. The action of working dough into a rounded form, esp. to mould a round loaf. In later use: the action of kneading dough by folding and turning it.")